The Process, Step-by-Step
The Contract and Deposit.
When all parties, buyers and sellers, sign an offer and all changes to that offer it becomes a contract. We will assist you in drafting the paperwork for your offer and negotiating the terms. Once all parties are in agreement, we send the contract to you for your records.
Escrow deposits are typically due at the time of contract acceptance or within a few days of contract acceptance. We will monitor those deposits and send verification of those deposits to you .
All deadlines in the contract are determined by the effective date (the date that the offer became a contract). We will monitor the deadlines to make sure that everything is done on time to ensure a smooth closing and we will keep you constantly updated, so you will always be prepared for the next step.
The Closing Agent.
Either a title company or an attorney will be selected as a closing agent. The closing agent will hold the deposit in escrow and will research the complete recorded history of the property to ensure that the title is free and clear of encumbrances by the date of closing and that all new encumbrances are properly added to the title. Some properties are subject to restrictions which limit various activities such as building or parking. There may be recorded easements and encroachments which limit the rights to use your property. Any issues affecting the property or your use of the property will be shared with you prior to closing.
How to Hold Title.
You may wish to consult an attorney or tax advisor on the best way to hold title. Different methods of holding title have different legal, estate and tax implications, especially when selling or upon death of the title holder.
Once your offer is accepted by the seller, you will need to have a licensed property inspector inspect the property within the time frame that was agreed upon in the effective contract to purchase. You may elect to have different inspectors inspect the property, if you wish to obtain professional opinions from inspectors who specialize in a specific area (eg. roof, HVAC, structure). If you are purchasing a commercial property, then you will need to have an environmental audit done on the site for the lending institution. We can recommend several different inspectors.
Depending on the outcome of the inspections, you may choose to ask the seller to make repairs, credit you money so that you can make the repairs once you own the property, accept the property in its current condition, or choose not to purchase the property if acceptable terms cannot be negotiated with the seller.
Appraisal and Lending.
It is imperative that you keep in close communication with your lender who will let you know when additional documents are needed to approve your loan application and fund your loan. If the agreement is conditional upon financing, then the property will be appraised by a licensed appraiser to determine the value for the lending institution, via a third party. This is done so that the lending institution can confirm its investment in your property is accurate. Appraisers are specialists in determining the value of properties based on a combination of square footage measurements, building costs, recent sales of comparable properties, operating income, etc. When you are within two weeks of closing, double check with your lender to be sure the loan will go through smoothly and on time.
If the property that you are purchasing is conditional upon an association approval, request the rules, regulations, and other important documents from the seller as soon as you have an effective agreement to purchase. Make sure that the application documents and processing fees are submitted to the appropriate person at the association by the required time. Fill out all of the information completely and legibly so there is no delay in processing the application. If you are required to meet with the association for your approval, make an appointment as soon as possible for the interview. Most associations require a certificate of approval before move-in. Your closing agent will request that the original copy of this approval letter be brought to the closing, so that it can be recorded with the deed in the county public records.
If you are obtaining a loan, you will be required by your lender to purchase a certain amount of insurance on the property. The value will depend on the lending institution and the purchase price of the property. You may be able to save hundreds of dollars a year on homeowners insurance by shopping around for insurance. You can also save money with these tips.
- Consider a higher deductible. Increasing your deductible by just a few hundred dollars can make a big difference in your premium.
- Ask your insurance agent about discounts. You may be able get a lower premium if your home has safety features such as dead-bolt locks, smoke detectors, an alarm system, storm shutters or fire-retardant roofing materials. Persons over 55 years of age or long-term customers may also be offered discounts.
- Insure your house NOT the land under it. After a disaster, the land is still there. If you do not subtract the value of the land when deciding how much homeowner’s insurance to buy, you will pay more than you should.
We will be happy to recommend experienced knowledgeable insurance agents for every property type.